What's The Difference Between Bookkeeping And Accounting?

What's The Difference Between Bookkeeping And Accounting?

What is the distinction between bookkeeping, accounting, and accountancy? When somebody says they're an accountant, are they really a bookkeeper? Does it really matter?


Bookkeeping in Mississauga is the method of systematically recording the monetary transactions of a business, so as to show how the transactions relate to every other. Bookkeeping is largely a mechanical process and does not contain any evaluation of the monetary transactions, however quite the recording of them.

Historically, the records have been stored in a book, hence the title bookkeeping. Lately, bookkeeping is normally performed using a bookkeeping software program bundle, however the names of the books (daybook, cashbook, journal, and ledger) are nonetheless used.

A bookkeeper's function is primarily certainly one of recording transactions in the journal and posting to the ledger, and is sometimes referred to as an accounts clerk.

There are varieties of bookkeeping: single entry and double-entry. In single entry bookkeeping, the document of each transaction is carried to either the debit or credit column of a single account. In double-entry bookkeeping, entries of every transaction are carried to the ledger: one to the debit facet, and one to the credit facet, of the corresponding account. That is so the two entries can be used to check each other.


Accounting is the systematic recording, reporting, and evaluation of economic transactions of a business. As bookkeeping entails making a financial document of business transactions, it is true to say that the position of bookkeeping is encompassed throughout the scope of accounting, and the bookkeeping system used by a business would form part of the accounting system.

Accounting also includes the preparation of statements concerning assets, liabilities and the operating outcomes of a business.

Accountancy is the occupation associated to accounting, and an accountant is the one that does, or at least is accountable for, the work. Accountants often specialize in a specific space of accounting comparable to taxes, auditing, or management.

In a small firm, the entire bookkeeping and accounting tasks may well be carried out by a single person. On this situation, that person would normally be referred to as an accountant.


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